Physical Therapy Sessions Overview
Physical therapy is a medical profession that is utilized when strength building or recovery is needed with a muscle or joint related issue. “PT” usually starts in very assisted small steps and progresses to be more active physical therapy as the patient improves. The goal is to help the patient return to their regular daily activates with little or no assistance. Physical therapy strengthens muscles and helps limits scar tissue around damaged, weakened, or surgical areas.A physical therapy team works directly with the pateint’s physician to make sure they receive the most optimal regimen for their medical situation. The therapy may include Gate (walk) training, adaptive equipment, and strength building. There are just a few of many approaches that are utilized is a combination therapy to help a patient recover or restore function.
Advantages of Conservative Treatment
- Less expensive then surgery
- Little to no recovery
- No incisions or scarring
- No long term effects
- Done during an office visit
- Best used before considering surgery
- Immediate results
Conditions Treated with Physical Therapy Sessions
Physical Therapy is a great program for patients recovering from surgery, recovering from a stroke or medical condition that caused weakness or loss of use, or trying to regain function after an injury.
- Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis narrows and encumbers openings in the spine that allow nerve passage. Stenosis is usually preceded by indicators of more commonly found conditions such as bone spurs and herniated discs. As time progresses and other conditions are of the spine are not addressed, it may progress to spinal stenosis.
- Herniated Disc
A herniated disc occurs when the inner disc material, called the nucleus, pushes through the tough outer wall of the disc. When this bulging area comes into contact with surrounding nerves it causes pain, tingling and discomfort that can be felt locally and also down the nerve’s path that it follows.
Spondylolisthesis is vertebral slippage in the spinal column. The human spine has a perfectly aligned shape for motion, but spondylolisthesis distorts this alignment. This slippage can be caused by aging of the spine, a congenital disorder, an injury, and also diseases such as those that can cause abnormal growths on the spine.
- Sprains and Strains
A sprain is an injury to a ligament from over stretching or tearing. A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon.
- Facet Joint Syndrome
Facet joint syndrome can develop when spinal discs become weak or degenerated and place more stress on the facet joints, the joints between two vertebrae that allow them to work in unison to provide motion.
Is a form of degenerative joint pain caused by wear and tear damage or breakdown of the soft tissue, underlying bone, ligament, tendons, or cartilage in the joints.
- Surgical Recovery
After surgery, physical therapy is often a very important part of recovery especially after an orthopedic surgery. PT teaches the patient how to strengthen and restore normal function and activity through demonstration and assistance.
- Stroke Recovery
A stroke can be a big change in someone’s life. Often there are functions that are lost or changed and the chance to regain those function are in part due to re-teaching the brain to work with the body. PT helps the patient adapt to these new changes with modification teaching, activity training, and therapy that is unique to the stroke patient’s neurological deficits.
- Injury Recovery
After an orthopedic injury, an orthopedic physican alongside physical therapy is often a very important part of recovery. During initial recovery of an injury the patient may be immobile for quite some time depending on the treatment plan. When ready for therapy, PT helps the patient re-strengthen and restore normal function and activity.
- Weakness and Walking Issues
If you are experience generalized weakness or the inability to walk very far due to lack of stamina, a physical therapist can assist with building weakened muscles. Falls and immobility can be a terrible setback for an older adult. Physical therapy helps to prevent this from happening.
- Meniscal Tear
A torn meniscus is a common knee injury. It occurs when the knee is twisted and the fibrous cartilage around the knee is damaged.
- ACL, PCL or MCL Tear
These are ligament tears that found in the knee and support the structure and mechanics of the knee. An ACL, PCL or MCL tear is usually from an injury that involves a sudden pull or over extension of the knee. The ACL is located in the front of the knee (anteriorly), the PCL is located on the back on the knee (posteriorly) and the MCL is on the inner middle aspect of the knee (medial).
- Rotator Cuff Injury
A torn or strained rotator cuff is a common shoulder injury. It occurs when the shoulder is overextended and the tendons that support the shoulder are injured.
- Tendonitis and Bursitis
Tendonitis & Bursitis are inflammatory conditions of the soft tissue near muscles and bones. Bursitis specifically involves the small sac that cushions some areas around bones and tendonitis is inflammation in the fibrous tissue that attaches muscles to bones.