Sprains and Strains Overview
A sprain is an injury to a ligament from stretching or a tearing. The severity of the pain will depend on the extent of injury to a single ligament. A tear can be partial or complete. More than one ligament can be injured during a sprain.
A strain is an injury to either a muscle or a tendon. Depending on the severity of the injury, a strain can be as simple as an overstretched muscle or tendon, or it can result in a partial or complete tear of the muscle or tendon.
Sprains and Strains may also be known as Muscle Pain, Pulled Muscle.
Symptoms of Sprains and Strains
Signs and symptoms of sprains or strains can vary depending on the severity of the injury. The most common symptoms include:
- Pain gets worse when doing activities (walking, running).
- The site of pain looks swollen.
- The site of pain is bruised.
- Muscle weakness.
- Muscle spasms.
- Burning Sensation.
- Hurts more when touched or pressed.
- Limited range of motion
Sprains and Strains Causes
The most common cause of sprains and strains are a result from:
- Recent Injury or Fall.
- Engage in too much or too strenuous exertion
- Age in years.
Sprains and Strains Treatments
Most muscle sprains or strains can be treated from home. For severe pain that doesn't subside after a week or you can't move after rest a doctor may recommend one or more of the following treatments:
- Ice Packs
- Non steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs help to relieve inflammation