ACL, PCL or MCL Tear Overview
Ligaments in the knee provide stability and strength to a very important part of our body when it comes to any sort of activity requiring quick changes in direction or powerful bursts of movement. Damage to these ligaments can be devastating and can sideline an individual for quite some time. Nowadays treating ligiment damage in the knee is much mroe advanced providing many more options and higher success rates for recovery.
ACL, PCL or MCL Tear may also be known as Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Posterior Cruciate Ligament, Lateral Collateral Ligament, Medial Collateral Ligament.
Symptoms of ACL, PCL or MCL Tear
Symptoms of damaging a ligament in your knee are typically a suden and severe onset of pain, a loud popping or snapping sound when the injury occurs, considerable swelling immediately following over the next 24 hours, loss of stability and a feeling of looseness in the knee and an immediate inability to place any weight on the knee at all without discomfort or collapse.
- Limited range of motion
- The site of pain looks swollen.
- Grating Sensation (crackling or popping sounds)
- Loss of Stability / Support your weight
- Pain gets worse when doing activities (walking, running).
- Pain is relieved when resting (sitting, lying down).
ACL, PCL or MCL Tear Causes
More often than not a ligiment injury in the knee is casued by a sudden traumatic event. High impact sports, a sudden fall or a severe twisting of the knee are common ways to damage the ligament.
- Recent Injury or Fall.
- History of Repeated Injury
ACL, PCL or MCL Tear Treatments
Treating a damaged ligament in the knee is possible through rest if the damage is not serious. Speeding up the healing process relies on ensuring you rest the knee as much possible avoiding putting weight on it at all costs. Icing the knee will help to keep the swelling down while compressing the knee when not icing will also help reduce the swelling and keep it from swelling further.
Keeping the knee raised and wearing some sort of brace to provide it with added stability will also help speed up the healing process. NSAID's in some cases can be taken to assist in preventing inflamation and reducing pain.
As far as surgery goes, in most cases of collateral ligament injuries surgery is not often required. However, surgery is much more common in the case of cruciate ligament damage. In cases where the ligament is completely torn or stretched beyond its limits reconstructive knee surgery is needed.
Of course, you should consult with your doctor to be sure on what is best for you.